Three-quarter plate fusee movement jewelled to the 3rd, the 14-size hollow-back frame stamped T+S (recorded as working in Newton le Willows, Lancashire). Single-roller detached lever escapement being a conversion from what was originally Cole’s resilient escapement. Compensation balance, spiral balance-spring. Enamel dial signed both for its retailer and the original escapement, blued-steel hour hand. 42 mm diameter.
Edward Winter Robins, Bayswater, London, watchmaker, possibly moving out to Maldon and then Gravesend – one chronometer movement by him is known.
James Ferguson Cole (1798-1880), working in Bloomsbury, London, a fine and innovative watchmaker, often referred to as ‘the English Breguet.’ Patent No 443, March 1858, in which banking takes place on the end of the bent tips of the escape wheel and the escapement geometry allowing a safe action should the balance amplitude exceed 360 degrees. A letter from Cole on this escapement appeared in the very first issue of the Horological Journal, 1859, page 19. Despite Cole’s claims of improvements, very few examples are known to have survived.
T+S, whose names have yet to be identified I believe, is a Lancashire movement makers stamp that is seen on some good quality watches by top London retailers.
Hair crack in the dial, hands lacking, the escapement changed and not willing to tick. A relic but still most interesting – priced accordingly.